OpenAI’s ChatGPT banned in Italy

On 31 March 2023, the Italian Data Protection Authority (“DPA”) imposed a temporary ban and launched an investigation into the OpenAI-powered platform ChatGPT’s compliance with the General Data Protection Regulation (“GDPR”) following a data breach. The data breach took place on March 20th over a critical nine-hour period that left ChatGPT Plus (the subscription version…

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TikTok has been fined £12.7m by the Information Commissioner’s Office for breaches of data protection law

On 4 April 2023, the Information Commissioner’s Office (ICO) announced that it had issued a £12.7m fine to the video-sharing platform TikTok Information Technologies UK Limited and TikTok Inc (TikTok) for a number of breaches of data protection law. This is one of the largest fines that the ICO has issued. Background to the ICO’s…

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Advocate General Opinion on Automated Credit-Scoring & Retention of Insolvency Data

On 16 March 2023, an Advocate General Opinion (the “Opinion”) established that automated credit-scoring for the purpose of obtaining a loan constitutes ‘profiling’. The Advocate General (the “AG”) considered three key points raised by the Administrative Court of Wiesbaden and concluded that: 1) Automated decision making about the ability of a person to service a…

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White House’s Economic Report of the President sets out a roadmap to improve competition in digital markets

On Tuesday, March 22nd, the White House released the Economic Report of the President (ERP), a full chapter of which is devoted to Competition in the Digital Economy. See the full report here. The report summarises that the promised benefits of the internet have been undermined by over-concentration. Digital markets should be a great vehicle…

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Brussels Conference brings in industry leaders to discuss the international antitrust landscape

On 2 March 2023, Keystone Strategy hosted a conference on Antitrust, Regulation & the Political Economy which brought together policymakers, academics, economists, and lawyers from across Europe and the United States. Three panel discussions devoted particular attention to the current legal framework of competition law in different jurisdictions, the state of antitrust enforcement, and the…

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Issues in the UK’s forthcoming Digital Markets, Competition and Consumer Bill

On 6 May 2022 the Government confirmed its approach to strengthen digital competition regulation in the UK.[1] The UK is now on the verge of publishing the Digital Markets, Competition and Consumer Bill (the “Bill”) which will be broadly aligned with the EU’s Digital Markets Act (“DMA”). However, will the Bill be fit for purpose?…

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