European Commission Accepts Renfe’s Commitments relating to Non-Discrimination

On 17th January 2024, the European Commission announced its acceptance of commitments by Renfe to open up competition in Spanish online rail ticketing[1]. This is a major development that reinforces non-discrimination obligations on online platforms and will likely set a precedent that applies to any organization with a dominant market position. Background Renfe, the Spanish…

CMA starts the clock on phase 1 merger investigation into Vodafone and Three

Investigation into Vodafone/Three Merger The CMA is launching a formal probe into the proposed merger between Vodafone and Three UK. The proposed deal, which was announced last year, combines the two companies’ telecommunications operations under a single network provider. The announcement on 26 January marks the start of the “Phase 1” investigation, which will involve…

ICO consultation series on generative AI and Data Protection

The Information Commissioner’s Office (“ICO”) has launched a consultation series on how aspects of data protection law should apply to the development and use of generative AI models, found here. The ICO is seeking clarity in how data protection law applies to this new innovative technology, and specifically how generative AI will need to be…

UK AI boost from Microsoft Investment

Just at the close of November 2023, Microsoft announced that they are committing to a major AI infrastructure and training investment into the UK for AI infrastructure. The investment is expected to double the Microsoft datacentre footprint in the UK and potentially provide training for more than one million people in the AI economy. The…

Google v. Epic: Questions for Remedies and ‘a Frontal Assault in the Justice System’

The 11th December — the day that Google lost its first antitrust trial. Epic Games, the company behind Fortnite, launched their litigation against the anticompetitive management of Google and Apple’s App Stores in 2020. Three years on, the California jury found against the Google Play monopoly. This verdict has huge ramifications for other ongoing antitrust…