CMA publishes consultation on modified Google commitments

The UK Competition and Markets Authority (“CMA”) has today published a Notice of intention to accept modified commitments from Google in its Privacy Sandbox investigation (the “Notice”). The Notice follows a consultation on proposed commitments published in June 2021. The modified commitments include substantial amendments to those original proposals, and the Notice provides the CMA’s…

EU General Court Google Shopping Decision may boost prospects for future damages claims

Google appealed against the European Commission’s findings in its 2017 Google Search (Shopping) Decision in the General Court (GC); however, the GC has dismissed Google’s action and upheld the €2.42bn fine imposed by the Commission in a judgment published on 10 November 2021. The GC found that Google had engaged in anti-competitive activity, having favoured…

Transparency matters: WhatsApp fined EUR 225 million for violating transparency obligations under the GDPR

On 2nd September 2021 the Irish Data Protection Commission (”DPC”) imposed its biggest fine to date on WhatsApp, the messaging app owned by Facebook. In its reasoning (available here) the DPC considered both: the information provided by WhatsApp to its users, and perhaps more importantly  the lack of information provided to non-users.  Namely, it was…